Colon Cancer begins in the colon and it occurs when some of the cells that line the colon start growing abnormally. The abnormal growing cells create the lump or tumor that can be malignant or benign depending upon various factors like the location of tumor, size, colorectal cancer stage etc.
To prevent colorectal cancer, regular checkups and screenings are the best treatment. Identifying and removing colon tumors helps preventing the colon cancer. Early cancer detection, helps curing more likely.
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Colon Cancer Screening
- People who are at high risk of colon cancer should start colon screenings before the age of 50.
- People having history of Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.
- Family history of familial adenomatous plyposis.
- Family history of colorectal disease or cancer before age 60.
Recommendation for People with History of plyps
- Colonoscopy is suggested at the time of initial diagnosis of polyp.
- If 1 or 2 small polyps with low abnormalities then repeat in 5 years.
- If 3 to 10 polyps then repeat colonoscopy within three years after removal of polyp.
- If normal then repeat in five years.
- If the polyp is not permanently removed or still attached then repeat colonoscopy in 2 to 6 months. Repeat it until you verify complete polyp removal.
People had surgery for colorectal cancer, it is recommended to colonoscopy within a year after surgery. If it is normal, repeat it in every three years. If it still normal then repeat in every five years. For the people with family history of colorectal cancer, recommended, colonoscopy at the age of 40. If the results are normal then repeat it every five years.
Annual flexible sigmoidoscopy is recommended for the people with a family history of familial polyposis. If the genetic test is positive, colon removal should be considered as the risk of colorectal cancer is very high.
Colonoscopy is recommended every one to two years for the people with family history of nonpolyposis colon cancer. It should be done at the starting age of 20 to 25. The first degree family members are offered genetic testing. For people with inflammatory bowel disease history, colonoscopy is recommended every one to two years.
You should find the best colorectal cancer treatment provider – a radiation oncologist in Scottsdale, AZ for the best treatment and to recover as earliest as possible. Whatever hospital you choose should have an experienced team and advance equipment and technologies to sure cancer.